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Curricular Connections

Lewis & Clark is committed to learning, innovation, and principled action on matters related to sustainability. Our research and actions extend beyond our campus into the wider world, we build on the best available scholarship and practice in our endeavors, and we recognize the importance and interrelatedness of ecology, economy, and equity.

→ Environmental Studies Major

The undergraduate environmental studies major and minor situates environmental problems and solutions in a scholarly context, working alongside other academic disciplines to build a more livable world. Sustainability is one of many important concepts the ENVS Program interrogates via its courses.

→ Environmental and Natural Resources Law Program

Frequently ranked best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, this law school program includes an extensive curriculum, outstanding faculty, and numerous practical skills opportunities.

→ Ecopsychology in Counseling Certificate

This graduate school program explores how counseling psychologists can contribute to sustainability, drawing on scientific research and applying it to mental health practice.

→ Spring 2018 CAS Sustainability-Related Courses 

BIO 335: Ecology
Interactions between organisms and their physical and biological environment. Ecology of populations, communities, and ecosystems, theoretical and empirical approaches. Through reading original literature and designing their own studies, students learn to conduct ecological studies and interpret results. Applications of ecological principles to conservation issues and other environmental problems. Lecture and laboratory; weekend field trip.
            Professor: Paulette Bierzychudek,
            Requisites: BIO 141, BIO 151, and BIO 200. MATH 123, MATH 131, MATH 255, or CS 171.                          CHEM 120.

BIO 352: Animal Behavior   
Animal behavior, from insects to marine mammals. How and why animals behave as they do. Focus on the adaptiveness of animal behavior using a strong ecological and evolutionary theme. Methods and results associated with animal behavior studies. Lecture, readings in original literature, laboratory, field trips.
            Professor: Kenneth Clifton,
            Requisites: BIO 141. BIO 151. BIO 200. MATH 123, MATH 131, MATH 255, or
            CS 171. CHEM 120. Take BIO-352L

CHEM 100: Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry
General and organic chemistry concepts developed for a more thorough understanding of chemically related environmental issues such as meeting energy needs (including through nuclear energy), atmospheric pollution (the greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, photochemical smog, acid rain), toxicology, and plastics. Lecture, laboratory.
            Professor: Barbara Balko,
            Requisites: QR 101 or equivalent. Take CHEM-100L

ECON 360: Advanced Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
Application of intermediate microeconomic theory to contemporary environmental and natural-resource problems such as air and water pollution, climate change, land use, and biodiversity. Use of utility maximization to derive the demand for environmental goods, revealed preferences to value changes in environmental quality, and discounting theory to determine optimal resource use over time. Focus on the theory of environmental and natural-resource policies, such as pollution standards and fees, permit markets, and land use regulations, as well as their implementation in practice.
            Professor: Moriah Bostian,
            Requisites: ECON 301

ED 455: Science Education in the Twenty-First Century 
Students will explore the role of science and scientific knowledge in a democratic society. Through readings, discussion, reflective writing, and   experiences in the field, students will: identify factors that influence who chooses to study science in school and/or pursue a career in science and who does not, explore factors that influence who succeeds in science majors and careers, review a range of models for science teaching designed to meet the needs of a diverse population, and consider the role that an understanding of science plays in the maintenance of a democratic society.
            Professor: Liza Finkel,
            Requisites: ED 205

ENVS 330: Situating Environmental Problems and Solutions
Advanced analysis of environmental problems and solutions, situating them in time, space, and biophysical/human context to provide greater appreciation for their complexity as well as to help devise successful responses. Development of interdisciplinary conceptual and analytical skills via inclusion and integration of topics including environmental change, biophysical and human drivers, related social movements, and environmental politics and policy. Lectures, regular assignments, individual and team research projects, and field trips.
           Professor: Jessica Kleiss,
           Requisites: ENVS 220

GEOL 270:  Issues in Oceanography 
Exploration of the geological, biological, chemical, and physical dynamics of the global oceans, including implications of ocean policy. Topics include geology of the sea floor, coastal erosion, waves, tides, storm surge, sea-level rise, ocean circulation, composition of seawater, biogeochemical cycles and ocean acidity. The course will be organized around compelling issues in oceanography that may include deep-ocean mining, coastal development, tsunami hazards, ocean pollution, or others. Weekly labs provide hands-on experience with course concepts.
            Professor: Jessica Kleiss,
            Requisites: GEOL 150, GEOL 170, CHEM 110, PHYS 141, or MATH 132. Take GEOL-270L

IA 257: Global Resource Dilemmas 
Exploration of the controversies surrounding global resource and environmental problems. Topics include the “limits to growth” and “lifeboat ethics” debates; global population, food, water, and energy problems; environment and development; and international resource conflict.
            Professor: Bob Mandel,
            Requisites: IA 100

IA 350:  Social Justice in the Global Economy
Examines the concepts of social justice, environmental sustainability, and fair trade within the context of the international political economy (IPE). How have these concepts been fostered or limited in the twentieth and twenty-first century IPE? How have states, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector promoted or challenged further incorporation of concepts in the IPE? Focuses on empirical problems and analysis of existing and potential solutions, with special attention to voluntary, ethical certification systems such as fair trade.
            Professor: Elizabeth A. Bennett,
            Requisites: IA 100. IA 238, IA 340 or ECON 232.

LAW 408: Ocean and Coastal Law
The course provides an introduction to the laws regulating natural resources management and environmental protection of coastal and marine ecosystems. The course emphasizes conflicts between public and private uses of the coastal zone, state and federal conflicts, and natural resource issues. Specific topics covered in the course include coastal management, beach access and public trust, fisheries law and the law of the sea, protection of marine mammals, ocean renewable energy development, marine reserves and ocean dumping. Laws and treaties discussed include, among others, the Coastal Zone Management Act, Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, and the Fishery Conservation and Management Act. 
            Professor: Chris Wold,

PE/A 142: Wilderness Leadership
Leadership, followership, and decision making in a wilderness environment. Five class meetings and extensive outdoor field experience offering opportunities to develop and test interpersonal and technical skills. Credit-no credit. This course requires going on one of the College Outdoor spring break trips-  there is an additional “lab” fee for that spring break field trip.  Please sign up in the College Outdoors office during the first week of spring semester for the spring break trip of your choice. 
           Professor: Joe Ruska,
           Requisites: None 

SOAN 305: Environmental Sociology
Research traditions and debates in the field of environmental sociology. How contemporary patterns of industrial production, urbanization, and consumption intensify ecological problems; why harmful effects of pollution disproportionately impact disadvantaged groups; what kinds of social movements have mobilized to protect ecosystems and human communities from environmental degradation. Introduction to basic concepts from urban sociology, theories of social inequality, environmental justice topics, social movements research.
            Professor:  Bruce Podobnik, 
            Requisites: SOAN 100 or SOAN 110. Two 200-level SOAN courses.


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