This report is a product of work undertaken by law students in the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Workshop at Lewis & Clark Law School in Portland, Oregon, in association with the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation in The Hague. At the suggestion of UNPO, the Workshop selected for investigation and legal analysis the situation of the Haratin, an ethnic group suffering from slavery and an UNPO member, in Mauritania. This report will be used by UNPO in promoting the interests of its member, Haratin, represented by the Initiative de Résurgence du Mouvement Abolitionniste en Mauritanie (IRA), in international fora. The authors express their gratitude to Pierre Hegay, former Program Director at UNPO, for his continuing support and assistance; Johanna Green, current UNPO Program Manager; Tyler MacBeth for the cover design; Dianne Viales and Lisa Frenz for the production assistance; and Professor John P. Grant who offered exceptional guidance throughout this process.
Professor Varol presented a talk on stealth authoritarian practices in Turkey at a conference on Transitional Justice and Hybrid Regimes in Turkey and the Middle East, hosted at Cornell Law School.. He argued that the Turkish government has been relying on a set of stealth mechanisms of authoritarian control, which are more difficult to detect and eliminate than traditional mechanisms of authoritarianism. Among his co-panelists was the Hon. Sezgin Tanrikulu, a member of the Turkish Parliament. The event brought together scholars and practitioners from all over the world, including the President of the International Criminal Court, Sang-Hyun Song, who delivered the keynote address.