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Institutional Policies

Time and Effort Reporting Policy


As a recipient of federal funds, Lewis & Clark must comply with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards (“Uniform Guidance”) as well as other federal requirements for certifying effort expended on sponsored awards. Lewis & Clark requires all individuals who receive federal sponsored funding to comply with institutional policies and sponsoring agency regulations regarding the proposing, charging, and reporting of effort on those awards. 

Lewis & Clark faculty and staff are expected to charge their time to sponsored awards commensurate with the committed effort expended on all activities they perform. All individuals who receive any compensation from a federal award or a non-federal award where the non-federal sponsor requires effort reporting (“Sponsored Projects”) are required to certify their effort. This process ensures that salaries and wages are properly expended and that actual effort is consistent with the committed and budgeted effort.

Subpart E §200.430 of the Uniform Guidance includes the federal regulatory requirements for compensation for personal services. This includes but is not limited to the specified Standards for Documentation for Personnel Expenses. Lewis & Clark’s Effort Reporting policy and procedures are intended to meet these requirements.

Policy Statement

  1. Time and effort reports shall reasonably reflect the percentage distribution of effort expended by Lewis & Clark employees involved in Sponsored Projects. The Time and Effort report must represent, in percentages totaling 100%, a reasonable estimate of an employee’s effort for the period being reported. These reports shall reasonably reflect the activity for which the employee is compensated and shall encompass all activities on an integrated basis. “Effort” includes all research, teaching, administration, service, and any other activity for which an individual received compensation from the College. Note: Section 200.430(c) states, “It is recognized that teaching, research, service, and administration are often inextricably intermingled in an academic setting. When recording salaries and wages charged to Federal awards for IHEs [Institutions of Higher Education], a precise assessment of factors that contribute to costs is therefore not always feasible, nor is it expected.”
  2. Lewis & Clark may contribute certain “Cost Sharing” resources in sponsored proposals when appropriate. All Cost Sharing must be pre-approved. These resources may include but are not limited to matching funds, facilities, and/or faculty or staff time. When Cost Sharing resources are committed and budgeted for in a proposal or sponsored agreement, external sponsors consider the proposed cost sharing to be institutional commitments if such proposals are funded. As such, any voluntary cost sharing commitment should only be made when there are perceived advantages to the institution in receiving the award.
  3. Each employee whose time is partially or fully committed to a federally Sponsored Project shall complete Time and Effort reports as required. Reporting is required regardless of whether such time is paid by the sponsor, or is an unpaid contribution, i.e. cost share match. Committed cost sharing must be included in effort reports. 
  4. Lewis & Clark uses an “after-the-fact” effort reporting system to certify that salaries charged or cost-shared to Sponsored Projects are reasonable and consistent with the work performed. This indicates that the distribution of salaries and wages will be supported by activity reports signed by the employee and certified by a responsible person with suitable means of verification that the work was performed, generally the Principal Investigator (PI), at the end of the specified reporting periods. Time and Effort reports shall be incorporated into the records of the College and retained in accordance with the sponsor regulations and/or the College’s Records Retention schedule.
  5. Certain sponsors limit the annual rate of salary reimbursement. Lewis & Clark follows the guideline that states a faculty member should not be compensated in excess of 2/9 of their Institutional Base salary (IBS) for work during the summer. Nevertheless, PIs must still devote the full committed effort as proposed and awarded without regards to the salary reimbursement limitation.
  6. The federal government can impose severe penalties and funding disallowances as a result of missing, inaccurate, incomplete, or untimely effort reporting. Lewis & Clark expects that PIs will complete time and effort reports completely and in a timely manner. Consequences to not doing so may include, at the discretion of the administration, withholding submission of a new grant proposal and/or or withholding compensation on effort expended. Lewis & Clark also reserves the right to charge cost disallowances on Sponsored Projects resulting from the PI’s failure to submit appropriate time and effort reports to the departmental operating account.

Procedures and Responsibilities



Institutional Base Salary: The definition of Institutional Base Salary (IBS) shall be the annual compensation paid by the College for an employee’s appointment. The IBS includes regular salary and may include any additional assignments, such as department chair. The IBS does not include bonuses or one-time payments. The amount of an employee’s IBS shall be described in their appointment letter, and thereafter in annual salary letters or amendments to such letters. 

Committed Effort: The amount of effort promised to the project in the proposal or included in the award documentation. 

Principal Investigator (PI): the primary individual responsible for the preparation, conduct, and administration of a research grant, cooperative agreement, training or public service project, contract, or other Sponsored Project in compliance with applicable laws and regulations and institutional policy governing the conduct of sponsored research.



Approved by the Executive Council, November 5, 2008; Revised November 11, 2015; January 2018

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